Key Message Update

Drought and conflict continue to drive large assistance needs in East Africa

June 2017

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
National Parks/Reserves
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.IPC phase classifications for concentrations of displaced people are included in Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda country maps.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Conflict in Yemen continues to be the primary driver of the largest food security emergency in the world. Although ongoing humanitarian assistance continues to mitigate extreme acute food insecurity among a high number of people, large areas of the country remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or Emergency (IPC Phase 4), the latter of which is associated with an increased risk of excess mortality. In a worse-case scenario in which food imports drop substantially for a sustained period of time or conflict persistently restricts the flows of food to local markets, Famine (IPC Phase 5) is possible.  

  • Extreme levels of acute food insecurity persist in South Sudan. Humanitarian assistance is likely mitigating more severe outcomes in central Unity State, but in northern Jonglei, recent malnutrition data indicates a likely deterioration of food security into mid-2017. Consistently high rates of displacement and ongoing conflict are disrupting first season cultivation in Greater Equatoria and are likely to interfere with upcoming main season cultivation in Jonglei, Western Bahr el Ghazal, Unity, and Upper Nile States.

  • Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity is likely to persist through September in much of Somalia, following consecutively poor rainy seasons in 2016 and 2017. In pastoral areas, many poor households have limited access to food and income due to low herd sizes as a result of excessive sale and livestock deaths. Meanwhile, agropastoral households are significant difficulty meeting food needs due to very limited harvests and agricultural labor. In a worst-case scenario in which there is a significant interruption in current food assistance, Famine (IPC Phase 5) is possible. 

  • In Ethiopia, most pastoral areas of Somali Region are likely to face Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity through at least September 2017, in the absence of humanitarian assistance, due to significant drought-related livestock deaths and excessive sales of livestock. At the national level, humanitarian assistance needs are expected to be highest during the peak of the June to September 2017 lean season, with the greatest needs in Somali, eastern and southern Oromia, and SNNP regions.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 34 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.