Key Message Update

Assistance needs remain high due to drought, conflict in East Africa

September 2017

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
National Parks/Reserves
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.IPC phase classifications for concentrations of displaced people are included in Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda country maps.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Extreme levels of food insecurity persist across South Sudan as conflict continues to limit access to typical food sources and, in some areas, the delivery of humanitarian assistance. Emergency (IPC Phase 4) or Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes exist in all states, despite the start of the harvest. Some households on isolated islands along the White Nile in Leer of Unity and Ayod of Jonglei could be in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) in the event they are unable to move in search of assistance.

  • Large areas of Somali Region in Ethiopia are expected to remain in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) or Crisis (IPC Phase 3) through January 2018, following severe drought over the past two seasons. An immediate and sustained resumption of assistance is needed to prevent households from facing more extreme outcomes. As food consumption gaps widen, levels of acute malnutrition and mortality may rise further. Areas of greatest concern include Dollo, Korahe, Degahabour, and Jarar zones. 

  • An estimated 25 percent of Somalia’s population is to be in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or Emergency (IPC Phase 4) through December. A risk of Famine continues through the end of the year in the worst affected areas in a worst-case scenario in which there is a significant interruption to current food assistance programs and higher prices further decrease household food access. Areas of greatest concern include the northeast and some IDP populations.

  • Although substantial humanitarian assistance continues to moderate food insecurity in Yemen, large populations remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity. A major cholera outbreak also continues in Yemen, with more than 590,000 suspected cases identified and more than 2,000 deaths reported between late April and late August 2017. Populations facing both food consumption gaps and cholera are at the highest risk of increased mortality.

  • Populations displaced by conflict in Jebel Marra and SPLM-N-controlled areas of South Kordofan in Sudan are likely to remain in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) through September. Newly displaced IDPs in Darfur, South Kordofan, Blue Nile, and refugees from South Sudan have limited access to land for cultivation and to seasonal agricultural labor opportunities. Seasonal rainfall has been average to above-average in most areas of the country, although remote sensing products suggest vegetation conditions remain below average in many areas. 

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 34 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.