Presence Country
Special Report

Rising malnutrition/mortality in Yida Camp

August 2012

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance

Key Messages

  • As a result of conflict in Sudan, the Yida camp in South Sudan now hosts nearly 60,000 refugees, with 300‐500 new arrivals each day. Refugees arrive in poor condition, and the water/sanitation situation is deteriorating, in part due to the onset of seasonal rains. A FEWS NET nutrition and food security survey conducted in early July 2012 suggests that both malnutrition and child mortality have reached emergency levels

  • The survey results indicate a GAM prevalence of 21.8 percent and a SAM prevalence of 6.1 percent (WHO). The GAM prevalence is higher than the WHO Emergency threshold of 15 percent.  

  • The crude death rate over the 90 days preceding the survey is estimated at 0.76/10,000/day. The death rate for children under 5 years of age during this same period is estimated at 2.15/10,000/day. The child death rate is especially concerning given that the survey data indicates an increasing frequency of child mortality over the past three months.

  • Prompt action by national and international partners is required. Better access to water, improved sanitation facilities, an expansion of nutrition treatment programs, and improved screening for malnutrition are priorities.

     

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About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 35 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.