Preliminary estimates indicated record-high cereal and cash crop production due to increased area planted and above-average rainfall. Sorghum production is estimated to be double the five-year average and three times greater than last year. Above-average harvests have improved household access to food and income from seasonal income opportunities.
Staple food prices continued to decline seasonally in most markets. Sorghum prices dropped by an average of 13 percent from November to December. Despite these decreases during the harvest period, food prices remain well above average due to high inflation. Cereal prices are roughly 30 percent higher than last year, and 120 percent above the five-year average, although prices in real terms are more stable.
Despite improved food security conditions in much of the country, acute food insecurity persists among 3.5 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) and host communities in conflict-affected areas of South Kordofan, Blue Nile and Darfur states. An estimated 25 to 30 percent of IDPs in SPLM-N-controlled areas of South Kordofan will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and an estimated 20 to 30 percent of IDPs in Darfur are expected to remain Stressed (IPC Phase 2!) through June 2015.