Food Security Framework | Key Population Groups
During the last 10 years, most food insecure populations in South Sudan have been agro-pastoralists inhabiting the Eastern and the Western Flood Plain livelihood zones mainly located in Northern Bahr El Gazal, Jonglei, and Upper Nile States. This includes populations that returned following the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in 2005, as well as those that face chronic food security problems associated with seasonal structural food deficits (commonly known as the lean season).
An estimated 2.5 million people have experienced food insecurity during 2010 and are mainly concentrated in Northern Bahr El Gazal, Jonglei, Warrap and Eastern Equatoria States. This marks a 40 percent above the 10-year average of food insecure people during 1999-2009. Food insecure households comprise populations that returned after peace was signed, households that have no livestock, and those lacking sufficient human labor. Food insecure households also include households that have been displaced by insecurity since December 2008.