Food Security Framework | Key Population Groups
In Haiti, vulnerability in general, and to food insecurity in particular, is mainly related to poverty. Poverty is prevalent in most parts of the country, particularly in rural areas. The most vulnerable are:
- Rural households with little or no land or animals, yet having no education or vocational skills to engage in relatively remunerative occupations
- In urban areas, households living in the highly populated, insecure slums of the metropolitan areas (e.g., Cité Soleil, Martissant, Jalousie) with members of households having lost their jobs or unable to find any
Remittances could partially ameliorate those sources of vulnerabilities, but the poor get no remittances.
Ranking the departments in terms of vulnerability to food insecurity is difficult because each parameter (e.g., extreme poverty, infant malnutrition rates, access to water or sanitation, exposure to natural disasters, access to primary health care) or a combination of those parameters yields different rankings. However, the departments of Center and Artibonite appear to be most vulnerable, whichever way you look at vulnerability.