Food Security Framework | Key Population Groups
In terms of transitory food insecurity, even in a ?normal? year localized shocks are experienced and short term vulnerability may arise among certain livelihood groups. Currently less than 5 percent of children suffer from acute malnutrition, and the nutritional situation is judged to be acceptable. The Multi-sectoral Food Security and Nutrition Baseline study conducted in 2006 determined that about one third of the population of Mozambique can be classified as highly vulnerable to food insecurity. The population groups highly affected by food insecurity are:
- Marginal households (very poor) ? Households that perpetually ?live on the edge,? they have very low access to resources of all types. The highest concentrations are found in Cabo Delgado, Nampula, and Inhambane.
- Low income laborers (poor households): The highest concentrations of low income laborer households are found in the northern provinces of Nampula, Zambézia, Tete, and Inhambane.
- Households with low levels of ?well-being,? a composite index of well-being based in the analysis of the five capitals: Lower levels are mostly found in households in Tete, Cabo Delgado, Niassa, and Nampula provinces.
- Households with lower dietary diversity (very inadequate diet): These households are more concentrated in Tete, Manica, and Inhambane provinces.
- Poor households in the peri-urban areas: These households are of increasing concern.