Food Security Framework | Hazards
- Civil insecurity and displacement resulting from the Lord?s Resistance Army (LRA) activities in northern Uganda leading to limited access to land to cultivate and dependence on food aid.
- Limited access to agricultural tools and seeds, water, health, and sanitation, reducing cultivation and utilization of food.
- Whatever the production year, Karamoja suffers chronic food insecurity to various degrees due to variable climatological conditions that affect crop and livestock production; livestock movement in search of pastures and water also affect the pastoralists? food security.
- Outbreak of Pest des Petits Ruminants (PPR) in Karamoja and its possible spread and reduction of size of herds directly affects households? food security by reducing their sources of income and food. Unconfirmed estimates put livestock affected at 2 million and a human population of about 400,000 to 500,000.
- Civil insecurity in Karamoja limits access to productive land and may lead to loss of main livelihood (stocks), stressing households? ability to meet food needs.
- Incidence of Banana Bacterial Wilt following controls established. Rough population affected at the disease peak was 24.4 percent of Uganda?s rural population in eastern, central, western, and southwestern Uganda where the crop is most grown as a key staple or major source of income. To date, disease has been ably controlled and reduced in many areas to below critical levels but still needs to be monitored.