Key Message Update

Improved food consumption for poor households, despite poor harvests

January 2018

January 2018

February - May 2018

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Not mapped
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners. FEWS NET only maps the Eastern half of DRC.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Not mapped
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners. FEWS NET only maps the Eastern half of DRC.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Not mapped
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • There are at least 70 armed groups operating in the eastern DRC alone, particularly in Tanganyika, Upper Katanga and the Kasai region. This situation has increased the number of displaced persons in the country to 4.1 million (UNOCHA). The fighting has caused one of the biggest waves of displacement in these areas in recent months, such as in Fizi territory where the number of displaced persons has increased from 47,000 to 114,000 in a single year.

  • Season A harvests in the central-east and Season B harvests in the north-east ensure food availability in these areas where price stability and normal market functioning are present leading to an improvement in food consumption of poor households. Currently the northeast of the country is in Stressed (IPC Phase 2) and the central-east is in Stressed (IPC Phase 2!) with pockets in an Emergency (IPC Phase 4), particularly in the territories of Kamonia and Kamili.

  • In the Kasai region, with the apparent stability and observed security, between 70 and 90 percent of the displaced populations have returned. The territory of Dibaya, the stronghold of the Kamwina Nsapu conflict in Kasai Central, received the largest proportion of returnees (90 percent). In Kamonia and Luebo (Kasaï), the continuation of interethnic conflicts has made it almost impossible for Lubaphones to return over the past 8 months to Kasaï Central and Kasaï Oriental.

  • Trade flows in the Kasai region are restored after being disrupted during the most intense military and militia operations. Staple food prices are normal and mostly stable in the Kananga markets. However, a recent outbreak of violence in Mweka, currently limited to a small area, could have a negative impact on trade, as the only railway line would be cut off in this area if insecurity intensifies.

  • Fishing in Lake Albert in Ituri province produced low catches in 2017 compared to a typical year. It is believed that this situation is attributable to the non-respect of closure periods that are meant to allow fish populations to breed and stabilize their populations, in addition to the climate of insecurity in this area. This has led to a limited supply of fish on the local market and has impacted the incomes of the households that depend on fishing

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 34 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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