Coffee rust and falling international prices are critical for the current agricultural season
- The second harvest of maize and beans began in the region , which will increase the supply of grains in the domestic markets and throughout the region . This will begin to reduce prices given that wholesale prices in the last six months were increasing. Availability and access to food will improve.
- PROMECAFE estimates production losses for the 2013/2014 season in the region will be in the range of 18 to 25 percent. This will mean a similar reduction in the demand for unskilled labor, reducing the income of poor households dependent on this sector.
- In October 2013, the composite indicator price in the international coffee market was quoted at U.S.$107.03/lb, 81 percent lower than in October 2011. As prices steadily have fallen, producers have not invested in treatment in affected areas in order to control the coffee rust. Impacts may extend beyond 2015.
- Poor households in Nicaragua and El Salvador are classified as having Minimal acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 1), while losses from the staple grain harvest in Honduras places poor households in Stress (IPC Phase 2).