Lesotho flag

Remotely Monitored Country
Key Message Update

Below normal cumulative rainfall is expected to impact 2017/18 crop yields

January 2018

January 2018

February - May 2018

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Since the start of the 2017/18 season rainfall performance has been performing poorly. To date, cumulative rainfall across most of the country is estimated to be 10-50 percent below normal. These moisture deficits are likely to have negative impacts on crop development and crop yields for the 2018 harvest. 

  • Poor rainfall has resulted in below-normal vegetation conditions across most of the country. The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) levels, which measure the greenness or health of crops, indicates that vegetation is 10-20 percent below normal.  Pastures that are currently available are also likely to deteriorate earlier than normal after the season ends because of the poor cumulative total. As a result, livestock body conditions are also expected to deteriorate much earlier than normal during the post-harvest period

  • The main income sources are currently casual labor, remittances, and livestock sales. However, poor seasonal performance is already affecting the availability of casual labor opportunities by very poor and poor households. In-kind payments are also declining because of anxiety by households that this year’s harvest will likely be below average. Nonetheless, food supplies in markets are still good and households are accessing food through market purchases. Stressed (IPC Phase 2) area outcomes are expected to continue in Lesotho, with a risk of households in some areas experiencing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes.  

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 34 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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