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Presence Country
Key Message Update

Increase in livelihoods assistance to northeast as food security outcomes remain severe

January 2018

January 2018

February - May 2018

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Concentration of displaced people
Elevated Risk of Famine - Phase 5 cannot be confirmed nor disproven with available evidence
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Concentration of displaced people
Elevated Risk of Famine - Phase 5 cannot be confirmed nor disproven with available evidence
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Concentration of displaced people
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • The high number of conflict events and related population displacement in Borno State and smaller areas in Yobe and Adamawa States, coupled with trade restrictions, limited humanitarian and market access, and an influx of refugees, continue to drive severe acute food insecurity in the area. A large percentage of the population in the northeast is facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes. Analysis of contributing factors continues to suggest an elevated risk of Famine (IPC Phase 5) in inaccessible areas.

  • Households outside of the northeast of Nigeria are primarily consuming own-produced food, and are engaged in normal livelihood activities such as the sale of livestock, cash crops, and their own labor to earn income. Off-season activities, migratory labor work and wild food collection are providing increased access to food and income for poor households. Most poor households in these areas are facing Minimal (IPC Phase 1) acute food insecurity.

  • Humanitarian assistance deliveries in Borno, Yobe, and Adamawa States were increased substantially in 2017. Over 1.6 million and 2.5 million people received food assistance in January and November, respectively. Livelihoods and agricultural support has also increased substantially, with more than 2 million people assisted each month since September 2017. However, food assistance deliveries declined in December 2017, to just over 2 million people reached.  

  • Off-season activities are underway along major floodplains. Various humanitarian actors including FAO are assisting approximately 110,000 households across Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe States mainly with fertilizer and seeds for vegetable and rice production. Meanwhile, conflict between pastoralists and farmers has persisted in the central states, including in Benue, Nasarawa, Taraba, Plateau, Kaduna, and Adamawa. Recently, substantial populations have been displaced, and livestock killed, in Benue, Taraba, Adamawa, and Plateau States. Reprisal attacks have led to fatalities and have constrained access to grazing areas. 

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 34 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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