Sierra Leone flag

Remotely Monitored Country
Special Report

Sierra Leone Trader Survey Report Round 15

January 2016

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Between November 2014 and November 2015, FEWS NET worked with Mobile Accord (GeoPoll) to conduct fifteen rounds of SMS-based trader surveys in Liberia and Sierra Leone on the status of market activities and operating costs. Liberia and Sierra Leone are FEWS NET remote monitoring countries. In remote monitoring countries, analysts typically work from a regional office, relying on a network of partners for information. As less data may be available, remote monitoring reports may have less detail than FEWS NET presence countries. The SMS-based survey results serve to corroborate key informant and partner reports on market activities and serve as inputs to FEWS NET’s integrated food security analysis on the impacts of the Ebola outbreak. The first round of data collection identified a sample of traders to monitor fundamental market characteristics (Table 1). During the second through sixth rounds, the survey focused on market activities, while the subsequent rounds inquired about both market and agricultural activities. Data was collected on a bi-weekly basis for rounds 2-6 and on a monthly basis thereafter.

Key Messages

  • This report provides a summary of findings from a FEWS NET trader survey using a SMS-based platform through GeoPoll during the week of November 2nd, 2015 (fifteenth round of data collection). The sample includes 251 small to large-scale traders across 14 districts in Sierra Leone (Figure 1).

  • Thirty-seven percent of respondents were local rice traders and 29 percent were imported rice traders, followed by palm oil (17 percent), and cassava (17 percent).

  • During the week of November 2nd, 26 percent of survey respondents reported that the most important market in their area operated at reduced levels (Figures 2 and 3), and less than two percent of traders reported market closures.

  • Twenty-five percent of traders indicated that market supplies of main commodities were lower than the previous month (Figure 4).

  • High transport costs was the most frequently cited reason for reduced market supplies since the previous month (Figure 5).

  • Seventy percent of respondents indicated that the current primary agricultural activity is harvesting (Figure 10). Forty-four percent of respondents reported normal and on-time agricultural activities (Figure 9).

  • Forty-five percent of respondents reported reduced agricultural wage opportunities compared to normal at this time (Figure 8). Seventeen percent of traders reported that their cash crop sales were lower than the previous month (Figure 7).

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 34 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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