Markets & Trade
Regional Supply and Market Outlook Reports
Southern Africa | January 2017
West Africa | December 2016
Central Asia | November 2016
Key Messages from the January 2016 Global Price Watch (reporting on December 2016 prices):
In West Africa, regional staple food production during the 2016/17 marketing year was similar to 2015/16 and well above average. International rice and wheat imports continue to support regional market supplies. Markets remained disrupted throughout the Lake Chad Basin. The depreciation of the Naira has led to price increases across Nigeria. A recent ban on Nigerian grain exports has had uneven impacts on trade flows along Nigeria’s long and porous borders.
In East Africa, staple food prices seasonally decreased or remained stable in Kenya, Uganda, Sudan, and Ethiopia with increased supplies from the ongoing harvests. Prices increased atypically and sharply in many areas of Somalia due to expectations of a second, consecutive below-average harvest January-to-February. Prices seasonally decreased in Yemen from ongoing harvests but markets remain significantly disrupted by insecurity.
In Southern Africa, regional maize availability is currently adequate, despite consecutive years of well-below average regional production. Maize prices are above their respective 2015 and five-year average levels region wide. As of December 2016, imports by South Africa and Zimbabwe from well-supplied international grain markets have offset nearly half of the regional deficit; maize export restrictions in Zambia remain in place. Price increases have been contained in Malawi by large volumes of humanitarian assistance and an increased role of ADMARC on market activities.
In Central America, maize and bean availability is at its peak with supplies reaching markets from both the Primera and Postrera harvests. Maize prices seasonally declined while bean prices were mixed. Hurricane Matthew destroyed crops and market infrastructure across much of southwestern Haiti. Market activities resumed in the major markets of Les Cayes and Jeremie. Imported commodity prices remain stable despite the depreciation of the Gourde.
In Central Asia, average regional harvests and above-average stocks sustained adequate supplies. Prices were below 2015 levels in Kazakhstan, above-average in Tajikistan, and near average in Afghanistan and Pakistan.
International staple food markets remain well supplied. Maize and rice prices increased, while wheat and soybean prices fell in December. Crude oil prices increased but remained well below average.
Markets & Trade Products
About Price Watch
Price Watch offers a monthly summary and outlook on global, regional and national trends of key commodity prices in FEWS NET countries. Analysis may touch on global issues, such as fuel prices or exchange rates, if they are likely to influence staple food prices in FEWS NET countries. The accompanying Price Watch Annex details price trends by country.
About Price Bulletin
Price Bulletins are produced monthly and available by country. They provide graphs tracking the prices of commodities that are important locally.
Cross Border Trade Reports
About Cross Border Trade Reports
Cross Border Trade Reports are periodic documents on trade from country to country or in a region, usually addressing the exchange of food commodities at selected border points.
Production and Market Flow Maps
About Production and Trade Flow Maps
Production and Trade Flow Maps capture the market networks for a product in a given country or region, including their catchments and trade flow patterns. These maps are available for key products in most FEWS NET countries.
- Import/Export Parity Price Analysis
- Structure-Conduct-Performance and Food Security
- Adjusting Prices for Inflation and Creating Price Indices
- Commodity Market Maps and Price Bulletins: Tools for Food Security Analysis and Reporting
- Terms of Trade and Food Security Analysis
- Markets, Food Security and Early Warning Reporting
About Market & Trade
Across the developing world today, huge majorities of poor people—both urban and rural—rely on markets for staple foods.
Even small holders who produce their own food may rely on markets to add diversity to their diets or to supplement their stocks during lean periods. They may also count on markets to sell crops, trade assets such as livestock, or find casual labor opportunities. The trade flows that support these markets are powerful forces, influenced by suppliers, traders, and buyers responding to changes in supply and demand, ultimately determining prices and the availability of food.
FEWS NET conducts regular analysis of markets and trade, monitoring local staple food prices and regional trade flows as well as macroeconomic drivers. This work centers on countries where we conduct regular food security analysis, as well as selected others, such as South Africa and Kazakhstan, whose markets greatly influence those of their neighbors. For each country, FEWS NET specialists consider products of local importance, looking at major production and consumption markets. Monthly reports, known for their objectivity and accessibility, are published on this website and distributed by subscriber list.
In addition, our market specialists collaborate with food security analysts to integrate assumptions on trade flows and prices into FEWS NET’s monthly early warning analysis. As warranted, the team conducts more extensive price projections using fundamentals analysis of market drivers and technical analysis of historical price data.
FEWS NET cooperates closely with a network of food, agricultural and economic entities, relying on them for expertise as well as data on prices and other economic indicators. They include: national ministries of agriculture, statistical offices and market information systems; the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO); the World Food Program (WFP); and others. In a handful of countries, FEWS NET has teams of market monitors who collect data.
Along with the regular reporting, FEWS NET also offers a series of clear, concise guidance documents to explain the basics of markets and trade analysis, assessment, and monitoring.